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Last Will And Testament Formalities: Executor Of The Estate

Submitted by: Bruno Berentsen

The executor of the estate, also referred to as the personal representative, is usually appointed by the individual who creates the will. In fact, his name is included within the will along with the specific responsibilities that he must complete. The executor of the estate is entitled to a fee for performing his duties, provided the will is valid and legally binding.

Fees or Payment for the Executor of the Estate

Several rules of thumb or generalized guidelines are in place to help in the determination of the fee that the executor of the estate may collect. The last will and testament often includes clues as to what this fee may be. In some cases, the fee is limited to a predetermined sum of money. In other cases, the fee is put aside since a special bequest is designated to the executor of the estate in lieu of payment. When a case occurs in which the fee has not been determined or a bequest has not been made, the particular laws of the state come into play to calculate an appropriate fee for services rendered.

When no fee has been specified, the state law is used to determine the fees for the personal representatives of the estate. In many states, the fees are determined by the probate court. This court will take into consideration local guidelines and determine what they consider to be a fair and reasonable payment. However, there are some states that use a percentage-based guideline for determining the fee. When this type of calculation is used, it involves a sliding scale where the percentage decreases as the numerical value of the estate increases.

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In some cases, the beneficiaries of the estate participate in the determination of the fees or payments to be made to the executor. Typically, this would happen early on in the process. However, it might also occur toward the end of the proceedings when the disbursement of the estate is almost concluded.

Fees or Payment When Multiple Executors of the Estate Exist

In some cases, a will calls for two or more individuals to perform the duties of the executor of the estate. When this happens, the will should be examined for instructions on the payment due to each executor or personal representative. If no guidelines are in evidence, then state law will be used to determine the fees or payment of each executor. It is possible that the fee will be divided equally among the personal representatives. In other cases, some states dictate that each representative will be allowed to collect the full fee as determined by the state.

Extraordinary Fees or Payments for the Executor of the Estate

During the disbursement of some estates, extraordinary fees or payments for the executor of the estate are incurred. This happens when services above and beyond those typically demanded of the executor are called into play. Services that merit extraordinary pay include: conducting or defending litigation for the estate, participating in tax proceedings or disputes, ongoing participation in the decedent s matters, and overseeing the sale of some or all of the decedent s personal property, vehicles, or real estate.

Payment of the Fees for the Executor of the Estate

Payment of the fees is generally made at any time during the handling of the estate. Out-of-pocket costs incurred by the personal representative are typically repaid at the time that they occur. Other fees, both ordinary and extraordinary, are generally paid at the conclusion of the disbursement of the estate. However, these fees can be paid at any time.

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Israel Iz Kamakawiwo?Ole: The Person Who Cares For The Hawaiian Culture

Israel iz kamakawiwo?ole: The person who cares for the Hawaiian culture


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The israel iz kamakawiwo?ole is the Hawaiian person. He was born at Kuakini Hospital in Honolulu to Henry Kaleialooha naniwa. He was raised in the commuinty of kaimukik, where his parents had meta and married. And he began playing music with his older brother Skippy and Cousin Allen Thmoton at the age of 11.

He is being exposed to the music of Hawaiian entertainers of the time such as peter moon. Israel continued his path as his brother Skippy entered the Army in 1971 and Cousin Allen parted ways in 1976 for the mainland. In his early teens, he studied at upward bound of the University of Hawaii at Hilo and his family moved to makasha.

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From 1976 throughout the 1980s, the Hawaiian contemporary band gained in popularity as they toured Hawaii and the continental United States and released fifteen successful albums. In 1982, Kamakawiwo? Ole brother, Skippy Kamakawiwo?ole died of a heart attack in that same year. And kamakawiwo? ole married his childhood sweetheart Marlene. Soon after, they had a daughter whom they named Cesli-Ann.

And he became famous outside the world of Hawaii. And he was famous when his album Facing Future was released in the year 1993. His medley of over the rainbow and his also covers the Louis Armstrong s classic that is what a wonderful world was subsequently featured in several television programs, commercials and movies. And the isreal iz kamakawiwo? ole remains one of the major influences in Hawaiian music.

In the year 1994, kamakawiwo? ole was voted favorite entertainer of the year by the Hawaii Academy of Recording Arts. E Ala E featured the political title songs in the year 1995 and kaleohano, and N Dis Life featured In This Life in the year 1996 and Starting All over Again also. In 1997, kamakawiwo?ole was again honored by HARA at the Annual award of Male Vocalist of the year. Favorite entertainer of the year, album of the year, and island contemporary album of the year. He watched the awards ceremony from a hospital room.

Kamakawiwo?ole was know for promoting Hawaiian rights and Hawaiian independence, both through his lyrics, which often stated the case for independence directly, and his life. His song Hawaii 78 demonstrates the beliefs and hopes that he had for the people of Hawaii. The life of this land is the life of the people, and that to care for the land is to care for the Hawaiian culture. The state motto of Hawaii is a recurring line in the song and encompasses the meaning of Liz s message.

israel iz kamakawiwo?ole

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Israel iz kamakawiwo?ole: The person who cares for the Hawaiian culture

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